Valeant Pharmaceuticals International, Inc.
8,00 $ – 50,00 $
CASE STUDY. From 2008 to 2015, Valeant Pharmaceuticals International Inc. (Valeant) was a Wall Street darling under the leadership of CEO Michael Pearson. The company’s stock price soared as Pearson went on an acquisition spree.
Valeant Pharmaceuticals International, Inc.: Abstract
Valeant Pharmaceuticals International, Inc. is a case study by Yee-Ching Lilian Chan.
From 2008 to 2015, Valeant Pharmaceuticals International Inc. (Valeant) was a Wall Street darling under the leadership of CEO Michael Pearson. The company’s stock price soared as Pearson went on an acquisition spree. Critics questioned Valeant’s capacity for organic growth and its lack of commitment to research and development (R&D). In October 2015, investors began losing confidence when Valeant was subpoenaed to testify before the U.S. Senate Committee about its price-gouging practice. On-going investigations by the U.S. House Committee and Attorney’s Offices regarding Valeant’s patient assistance program and business relationships with Philidor Rx Services also contributed to the company’s downfall. In May 2016, Valeant hired Joseph Papa to replace Pearson as CEO. One of Papa’s top priorities was to pay down the $30 billion debt amassed to finance the company’s acquisitions. In Case (A), students learn about the company’s executive incentive compensation philosophy, acquisitions, and governance practices and are asked to assess the financial impact of Valeant’s acquisitions. In Case (B), students are asked to identify the factors driving Valeant’s stock price down and to assess the company’s ability to pay down its $30 billion debt.
- Part A: Incentive Compensation, Acquisitions, and Financial Performance
- Part B: Corporate Crisis in 2015 and 2016 (included with the Teaching license purchase)
The teaching objectives of Case (A) include giving students an opportunity to:
- Assess the pros and cons of Pearson’s equity-based incentive compensation
- Assess the impact of Valeant’s acquisitions on the company’s financial position and performance. Appendix B of Case (A) gives students an opportunity to learn about Valeant’s governance practices
The teaching objectives of Case (B) include:
- Identifying factors that drove Valeant’s stock price down by over 90% between October 2015 and April 2016
- Determining whether Valeant will be able to pay down its $30 billion debt. To answer this question, students must analyze Valeant’s financial position, financial performance, and cash flow
Main themes covered
- Impact of acquisitions on financial leverage and performance
- Debt repayment
- Turnaround action plans
- Corporate governance
- Executive compensation
- Stock price response to events
Concepts and theories related to the case
- Fundamental financial assessment and ratio analysis
- Corporate governance practice
- Stock-based executive incentive compensation
- Volatility of stock price reaction to events
Teaching notes are available for teachers only. Contact the HEC Montréal Case Centre for more information.
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